Saturday, 2 December 2017


Wildfowl was again the surprise standout from todays censusing, most notable was a fine drake Velvet Scoter heading west through the Bardsey Sound and out into the Irish Sea, possibly even more bizarre was a small passage of Teals, two small flocks numbering 37 in total, flew out west in much the same manor as the Velvet Scoter. This is just the 18th record of this species for the island, the last seen in 2014 when some individuals flew down the West Coast. The drake Gadwall was again present along the West Coast hiding out with 16 Mallards, whilst a pair of Shelducks resided around the Narrows. Also noted off the coasts were two Red-throated Divers, a Gannet, seven Common Scoter, 65 Guillemots, 24 Razorbills, 10 Auk sp, a first winter Mediterranean Gull, 69 Black-headed Gulls a Common Gull and 26 Kittiwakes.

Above the island a Common Buzzard tussled with resident Peregrine Falcon and corvids, a small drop in thrush numbers over previous days left totals at a respectable 18 Blackbirds, six Song Thrushes and two Redwings. A Little Owl called from the mountainside and a Stonechat, three Goldcrests, three Chaffinches, a Siskin and Goldfinch were also recorded inland, whilst around the rocky coastlines 31 Oystercatchers, a Whimbrel, 22 Curlews, six Redshanks and five Turnstones were waders seen

Water Rails are known for their abilities to be extremely elusive. On Bardsey especially, most of the time the only giveaway to their presence comes from calling birds as they squeal amongst dense cover. The previous day one had been sighted sneaking amongst the vegetation in Nant Withy, with prints in the mud nearby also noted. A camera trap was placed nearby to try and capture some footage of this fantastic species, that evening the Water Rail made an appearance and hopefully will continue to do so over coming days with this trap remaining in place to produce further clips of its secretive behaviour.



Thursday, 30 November 2017


Bitter northerly winds persisted today driving heavy showers across the island providing some exciting weather conditions in which to census.

Along the West Coast just north of Solfach hidden amongst the rock pools at low tide was a very nice gathering of Wildfowl, a drake Gadwall, single Wigeon, ten Teals and 20 Mallards. Considering how rare Gadwall is as a species on the island and with no plumage differences discernible from the individual seen just under a week ago (although we could be wrong) its safer to assume its the same bird residing on the island. A fantastic gathering of species recorded together, especially on an island where wildfowl can be hard to come by at times. A lone Shelduck was also present close by.

Just south, around the Narrows, a variety of waders were on show scattered amongst the beaches and bays, 46 Oystercatchers, a single Purple Sandpiper and Whimbrel, 20 Curlews, four Redshanks, and eight Turnstones were final tallies along with nine Rockpipits and a Shag.

Inland a good number of Thrushes again were seen mostly through the Lowlands and around the gardens, 31 Blackbirds, five Song Thrushes and a Redwing. Chaffinch numbers had taken a sharp decline today compared to yesterdays total of 82 as groups obviously passed straight through, today only one was recorded.

Wednesday, 29 November 2017


Dramatic skies were a nice backdrop to a day with new migrants bringing the island to life throughout the hours of daylight. Thrushes and Finches featured heavily today with an obvious arrival of to the island. Small groups of Blackbirds and Song Thrushes could be seen moving around the Lowlands with other individuals scattered amongst the gardens, 26 and 11 respectively were recorded by the end of the day along with a Mistle Thrush. Overhead 82 Chaffinches, a Goldfinch and four Linnets were noted, not the vast numbers that pass by the island during October but still a fantastic sight. A stunning adult male Sparrowhawk snuck through Nant and disappeared into the Plantation where a Woodcock was also flushed from cover.

Off the West Coast 156 Black-headed Gulls moved north with a couple of Common Gulls and a number of Auks.


Monday, 27 November 2017

A Red-throated Diver was again seen along the West Coast during the morning, throughout the winter they can quite often be seen heading west through the sound from Cardigan Bay and out into the Irish Sea, perhaps staying east of the island overnight where it's more sheltered and heading out to the west to feed during the day? A mixture of gulls were also present earlier on moving along the West and included an adult Mediterranean Gull, 203 Black-headed Gulls, four Common Gulls, 13 Herring Gulls and 103 Kittiwakes, as well as a Lesser Black-backed and Greater Black-backed Gull further south towards the Narrows. A single Common Scoter drifted south and Auks were present in smaller numbers with 21 Guillemots, 28 Razorbills and eight Auk sp seen passing by.

A fine Snow Bunting discovered on the Narrows was a pleasant surprise as it fed along the short grass, not always an annually recorded species on the island. Close by and Oystercatcher, the Curlew flock, 16 individuals, and a Redshank were the only waders noted. Little else was recorded however one of the resident Peregrine Falcons treated islanders to its displays of speed and agility as it stooped at small flocks of Starlings over the Lowlands and mountainside, such a fantastic bird to have breeding on the island!

Smart Snow Bunting, not always an easy bird to catch up with on Bardsey

Sunday, 26 November 2017

Cold North Westerly winds have been hitting the island for a few days now and although they haven't produced much in terms of any significant movements or change in sightings, as is this time of year on Bardsey, there were a couple of interesting things noted.

The most noteworthy sightings were from the sea watching hide at the north end of the island. A single pale bellied Brent Goose and three Red-throated Divers were perhaps the highlights amongst a small passing of other species including a Gannet, small numbers of Black-headed Gulls, Kittiwakes and Auks amounting to 72 Guillemots and nine Razorbills.

A healthy flock of 17 Curlews passed over the Narrows heading towards the grassy slopes of Pen Cristin along with a single Whimbrel and one Redshank were the only waders noted today. Whilst elsewhere on the island a small number of thrushes, four Blackbirds, two Song Thrushes and a Redwing were noted along with three Goldcrests, 50 Starlings and four Chaffinches scattered amongst Wrens, Dunnocks and Robins.

Woodcock feathers found in the Observatory garden

Friday, 24 November 2017

Beautiful calm days can do sometimes occur during the winter months in amongst the storms!
Although the day was mostly quiet, synonymous with this time of year, there were highlights to enjoy. The standout was the appearance of a handsome drake Gadwall which settled in Henllwyn for an hour or so, before reappearing on Pwll Cain, the largest pond in the centre of the island. Although a somewhat common species on the mainland, this is only the 12th island record and the second to be recorded this year, the previous being a few weeks back. A distant diver heading out west, mostly likely a Red-throated Diver, a single Wigeon heading south along the West Coast, a handful of Auks and a small scattering of gulls including 62 Black-headed Gulls, two Common Gulls and 34 Kittiwakes were the only other notables out at sea today.

Drake Gadwall settled in Henllewyn, a rare occurrence on the island
As another calm day presented itself, nets again were able to be opened for a few hours in the morning in the Observatory garden, and although it was a particularly quiet ringing session with just a handful of birds ringed, these included a dapper Redwing and the long staying juvenile female Great Spotted Woodpecker re-trapped. This individual was first ringed on the 28th of September and since has been sighted sporadicly around the island. A few Thrushes were noted comprising mostly of ten Blackbirds, four Song thrushes and what was presumably the same Mistle Thrush which was heard and not seen on the mountainside. Amongst the common winter residents a couple of Goldcrests flitted in the damsons, small parties of Starlings passed through the Lowlands throughout the morning, settling on the Narrows to feed in a flock that eventually numbered 600 individuals, whilst nine Chaffinches and a Goldfinch passed overhead and four Raven squabbled high above the mountain.

A pleasure to see these birds up close from time to time, wonder if it will be joining us for the winter, watch this space......


Sunday, 19 November 2017

With all observatory staff now off the island for the winter coverage will be fairly low, however blog posts and tweets of sightings will be available periodically. 

A calm spell, sometimes rare around this time of year, allowed for a few mist nets to be opened in the observatory garden this morning. Although ringing was fairly quiet, small numbers of migrants were recorded throughout the day including an extremely bizarre record to follow...

Small numbers of finches were still moving through, namely Chaffinches of which 23 were recorded, but with them were also two Bramblings, and singles of Greenfinch, Siskin, Goldfinch and also three Skylarks passing overhead. Reasonable numbers of thrushes were also noted, mostly around the gardens. A Mistle Thrush, possibly the same individual seen recently was rattling around the Observatory garden along with a female Great Spotted Woodpecker, whilst 14 Blackbirds, two Fieldfares, seven Song Thrushes and two Redwings were also present. A total of 36 Woodpigeons were present, whilst an immature female Sparrowhawk, Common Buzzard, Merlin, Peregrine Falcon, a Little Owl, a couple of Meadow Pipits and Goldcrests played supporting cast.

Very smart adult male Chaffinch ringed this morning
Smart tertials with well defined fringing, broad tail, central tail feathers with dark markings and deep black glossy primary coverts matching in tone and strength with greater coverts, primaries and the rest of the wing, all point towards this individual being an adult bird
This little Goldcrest was ringed this year on the 25th of October in the observatory garden and re trapped this morning , keeping a steady weight of 5.2 grams which was its weighed when first trapped
Perhaps the most unusual record was that of an extremely late Corncrake discovered at Carreg Bach, one of the small houses on the island. Attention was drawn to a small gathering of seemingly adgetated Wrens and Dunnoks along a stonewall and fence line bordering the house. On closer inspection nothing seemed out of the ordinary until a Corncrake burst out of the long grass, taking flight and heading south along the side of the mountain before diving into cover again. It’s streaky mantle, short gingery upper wings and small stout bill visible in flight. The individual was tracked down again and was briefly seen stealthily winding its way through dead strands of bracken before taking flight again and disappearing into dense gorse. A rare sighting in Wales, even more so given the time of year.


A good contender for worst record shot
A flock of 20 Purple Sandpipers were present just off shore on Carreg yr Honwy whilst other waders included two Common Snipes and a Redshank on the West Coast. A Shelduck, 14 Common Scoter, 38 Guillemots, four Razorbills and a small number of gulls including 19 Black-headed Gulls, three Common Gulls and ten Kittiwakes were numbers on a brief look out to sea off the West Coast

Friday, 10 November 2017

A lot of today was spent cleaning down the Obs and that, alongside the general quietness that has descended upon Bardsey, ensured for a limited list of highlights. A Brent Goose off the North End was the most notable sighting, while also passing offshore were very small totals of 76 Razorbills, 12 Black-headed Gulls, two Common Gulls and two Mediterranean Gulls. On land 458 Starlings were the only common migrant, and a paltry list of other migrants included two Water Rails, one Skylark, seven Robins, three Stonechats, 14 Blackbirds, two Song Thrushes, a Redwing, two Chiffchaffs, seven Goldcrests, a lingering Firecrest and a single Linnet.

Thursday, 9 November 2017

Aside from a light scattering of migrants on the land first thing in the morning, which quickly dissipated, it was very quiet today. The commonest species were 758 Starlings and 144 Redwings, but otherwise just a tiny trickle of migrants were seen. A Short-eared Owl in the Wetlands and a new Bulfinch at Cristin were the most notable, while a Firecrest and a Great Spotted Woodpecker both remained from previous days (it's surely been a record-breaking autumn for the latter species, and a very good one for the former as well). Otherwise the list of highlights was remarkably scant; two Water Rails, an increase to 52 Curlews, one Stonechat, 13 Blackbirds, four Song Thrushes, two Chiffchaffs, five Goldcrests, three Goldfinches and three Lesser Redpolls the best that could be mustered up.

Wednesday, 8 November 2017

A considerably improved day was enjoyed today.  Amongst an increased finch passage came 39 Chaffinches, four Bramblings, two Greenfinches, two Siskins, 18 Goldfinches, 27 Linnets and three Lesser Redpolls. Some of the day's most notable grounded migrants were Short-eared Owl on the South End, a season high of 76 Rock Pipits, a Black Redstart on the Narrows and a Firecrest at Cristin, while the most numerous were 465 Starlings, and a flock of 35 Rooks over Cristin were also notable. Otherwise a good supporting cast included two Water Rails, a Great Spotted Woodpecker, 39 Skylarks, 22 Meadow Pipits, an alba Wagtail, 20 Robins, two Stonechats, 23 Blackbirds, one Fieldfare, eight Song Thrushes, two Redwings, two Chiffchaffs and two Reed Buntings.

Out to sea the first Great Skua of the month passed by, but passage was very modest, 72 Black-headed Gulls the only species occurring in any numbers, and two Common Scoters adding a bit of variety. However, a good selection of Waders on the Narrows included four Lapwings, 35 Purple Sandpipers (the highest count of the year), three Snipes, a Whimbrel, 32 Redshanks and 33 Turnstones, while two Grey Herons were also present today.

Tuesday, 7 November 2017

There was a subtle increase in passage today, with quite a good variety of birds on the island. The most obvious movers were chats and thrushes, including three Black Redstarts at Cafn, five Stonechats, 30 Robins, 25 Blackbirds, eight Song Thrushes and 41 Redwings. A late Swallow was the most unusual sighting of the day, while the support cast of passerines included a Merlin, three Water Rails, a Great Spotted Woodpecker, 26 Rock Pipits, 14 Goldcrests, two Firecrests, two Chiffchaffs and two Blackcaps. 

An increase in sea passage saw 531 Kittiwakes, 122 Razorbills and 87 Black-headed Gulls moving in large numbers, alongside a single Common Scoter, a Sabine's Gull (our 35th of the year!), seven Common Gulls, nine Mediterranean Gulls and six Guillemots. Meanwhile, amongst a good selection of waders a Jack Snipe was in the Lowlands and Redshanks had increased noticeably to 32, with five Purple Sandpipers and a Lapwing also on the Narrows.

Monday, 6 November 2017

The only sightings of note today all came from land. In the Wetlands 11 Snipes and a Jack Snipe were seen, the latter narrowly avoiding attempts to drag net it (although a Snipe caught at the time, the third of the year, was a good bycatch), while a Woodcock was in the Obs Garden in the morning. There was also a single Merlin on the South End, while 19 Woodpigeons were new in.

The only common passerine migrants were 177 Starlings, 46 Chaffinches, 25 Blackbirds, 13 Song Thrushes, 15 Robins and 16 Goldcrests, but a decent selection of other species were seen, including one Water Rail, one new Great Spotted Woodpecker, two Skylarks, two Stonechats, a Fieldfare, six Redwings, five Bramblings and three Lesser Redpolls.

Sunday, 5 November 2017

Another quiet day, although with a notable highlight of a Little Auk past the North End. There were also two Brent Geese on the South End and a Little Egret on Henllwyn. Other species were very limited, out to sea there were 277 Kittiwakes, 133 Guillemots, three Gannets, two Mediterranean Gulls, 82 Black-headed Gulls and five Common Gulls. 205 Starlings on the Narrows were the only notable passerine, otherwise there were nine Chaffinches, eight Goldcrests and three Chiffchaffs.

Saturday, 4 November 2017

A very quiet day overall, with one of the most notable sightings a Pale-bellied Brent Goose in Solfach. Otherwise, a very low selection of migrants included 150 Starlings, 31 Chaffinches, 24 Blackbirds and 20 Robins. The blythii type Lesser Whitethroat remained at Ty Pellaf for its third day, while a very small selection of other migrants featured one Water Rail, one Stonechat, two Song Thrushes, three Redwings, two Blackcaps, two Chiffchaffs and a Bullfinch, while on the Narrows there was a noticeable increase to 72 Curlews.

Friday, 3 November 2017

Overall it was pretty quiet today, although with a few notable increases such as three Merlins, three Woodcocks, 33 Blackbirds, 336 Starlings and 40 Rock Pipits, about half of the latter heading south over the South End in the days only notable vismig. The interesting-looking Lesser Whitethroat was at Ty Pellaf for its second day, and a Black Redstart at the Boathouse, to add a bit of quality to the day's other migrants, which included three Snipes, two Grey Wagtails, four alba Wagtails, 34 Robins, a Fieldfare, 11 Song Thrushes, six Redwings, two Blackcaps, nine Chiffchaffs, 13 Goldcrests, three Long-tailed Tits, two Reed Buntings and a small selection of finches; 49 Goldfinches was a notable increase and 28 Chaffinches, three Bramblings, a Greenfinch, eight Siskins,14 Linnets, two Lesser Redpolls and a Bullfinch were also seen.

About an hours seawatching gave some reasonable passage of 219 Black-headed Gulls, 102 Kittiwakes and 130 Razorbills, with quality coming from singles of Red-throated and Great Northern Diver, four Gannets (the first in several days), 20 Common Scoters, eight Mediterranean Guls and three Common Gulls.



Thursday, 2 November 2017

There were a few sightings of note today, almost all on land, with migration for the most part now petering out. A Stock Dove on Pen Cristin was the first sighting of the year, while two unusual species showed up in the gardens at Ty Pellaf, a very late Willow Warbler and another Blythii type Lesser Whitethroat. Also notable were at least 20 Long-tailed Tits roaming around the island today.

Otherwise it was a fairly typical selection of migrants for early November, almost all in slowly decreasing numbers. Thrushes numbered 29 Blackbirds, two Fieldfares, 19 Song Thrushes and four Redwings, while a very modest scattering of finces amounted to 20 Chaffinches, five Bramblings, a Goldfinch, four Siskins, two Linnets, three Lesser Redpolls and a Bullfinch. The rest of the grounded migrants included two Water Rails, a Great Spotted Woodpecker (probably all lingering from previous days), nine Skylarks, one Pied and one "alba" Wagtail, 37 Robins, six Stonechats, three Blackcaps, 11 Chiffchaffs, 25 Goldcrests, 89 Starlings and four Reed Buntings.

The only other sightings of note were two Teals in Henllwyn and four Mediterranean Gulls offshore.

Wednesday, 1 November 2017

A moderately improved selection of migrants greeted us on the first day of November. The highlights included a Woodcock on the Mountainside, a Black Redstart at Cristin and six new Long-tailed Tits that roamed widely around the island; first seen heading south over the Narrows, then returning to the Obs where they were ringed, and by late afternoon tracking their way North through Carreg Bach and Nant Valley, after which they presumably departed back to the mainland. The two commonest species were 165 Chaffinches and 40 Robins, with otherwise low numbers but good diversity. Finches included seven Bramblings, 15 Siskins, four Goldfinches, 13 Linnets, eight Lesser Redpolls, a Bullfinch and two Reed Buntings, while a small selection of chats and Thrushes included three Stonechats, 19 Blackbirds, a Fieldfare, four Song Thrushes and five Redwings. Also noted were a Merlin, two Snipes in the Wetlands, 62 Curlews and 40 Turnstones on Carreg Yr Honwy, two Whimbrels, 21 Meadow and 24 Rock Pipits, six Blackcaps, 12 Chiffchaffs, 23 Goldcrests, one Firecrest, two Coal Tits, one Great Tit and 43 Starlings. It was very quiet out to sea, with just two Common Gulls and a Mediterranean Gull of note.


Tuesday, 31 October 2017

One of the quiestest days in weeks befell the island today. A Siberian Chiffchaff was the only new migrant of note, while otherwise an extremely modest selection came to one Water Rail, 16 Robins, two Song Thrushes, ten Blackbirds, ten Goldcrests, three Chiffchaffs, one Blackcap, 86 Starlings, a Coal Tit, a Bullfinch, five Lesser Redpolls, three Siskins and 11 Chaffinches. A Hummingbird Hawk-moth was also seen at the Obs, notable so late in the year.

Monday, 30 October 2017

The Yellowhammer caught this morning

It was a slightly bonkers first few hours of the day, with flocks of many birds constantly passing overhead. To start with, the dominant species was Woodpigeons, of which 830 were counted. This wouldn't be a notable count at all at many mainland vis-mig points (the average reader could probably get that many passing over their garden in a day when migration is good!), but Bardsey isn't your average vis-mig site. Woodpigeon flocks just don't get here normally, our previous day record of 300 was set back in 1976, and this count therefore increases the record by about 176%! That in itself was pretty good going, but plenty more passed overhead. Corvids had their largest passage of the year so far, with 470 Jackdaws, 52 Rooks, 44 Carrion Crows and 36 Magpies recorded today, while another 490 Starlings passed through. Another great day for Finches included 177 Chaffinches, 58 Bramblings, 25 Greenfinches, 72 Goldfinches, 45 Linnets and 46 Lesser Redpolls, while a seasons best of 64 Reed Buntings passed overhead, as did two Lapland Buntings. A medley selection of other species seen passing over included 12 Cormorants, one Dunlin, one Golden Plover, one Snipe, one Great Spotted Woodpecker (one of four seen today), 76 Skylarks, 147 Meadow Pipits, three Rock Pipits(out of 32 seen today, a sizeable arrival), a Mistle Thrush (out of two seen today) and 11 Fieldfares (out of 20 seen today).

A Yellowhammer caught and ringed at the Plantation was the highlight of another very good selection on land. With the belated news that Rachel Porter had a Ring Ouzel on the Mountainside, I can also happily saw we managed all six Thrushes between us! 43 Blackbirds, 20 Song Thrushes and 35 Redwings joined the three species already mentioned. Otherwise 34 Robins and 29 Goldcrests were the only numerous migrants, while three Merlins, a Pied Wagtail, four Stonechats, four Blackcaps, four Chiffchaffs, a Coal Tit, an excellent five Bullfinches and eight Long-tailed Tits made up the rest of the days species.

The sea was very quiet, but a gathering of Gulls offshore early in the morning included 910 Black-headed Gulls, 30 Mediterranean Gulls, 11 Common Gulls and 350 Herring Gulls.


350 Herring Gull, 910 Black-head, 11 Common Gull, 30Mediterranean Gull,

Sunday, 29 October 2017

The sea has been a little bit quiet of late, but returned with a vengeance today in a day of strong northerly winds, occasionally gusting around North-westerly. Perhaps the standout species was Mediterranean Gull, with a monstrous count of 170! To put that number into some context, its the first ever three figure count for Bardsey, annihilating the previous record (which was broken twice in 2016, with 83 on 23 Oct and 96 on 1 Nov). On all all-round brilliant day for Gulls, three Sabine's Gulls (this must be our best ever year for them by quite a margin), and a Little Gull brought the quality, while 3327  Kittiwakes, 1545 Black-headed Gulls and 122 Common Gulls provided the quantity. 778 Razorbills were the only other species moving in appreciable numbers, but the sea produced fantastic diversity today. A Great Northern Diver, a Sooty Shearwater, two Leach's Petrels, a Grey Heron, 13 Greenland White-fronted Geese, five Pale-bellied Brent Geese, two Teals, the first Pintail of the year (and 44th island record), five Common Scoters, a Grey Phalarope, five Arctic Skuas, four Great Skuas, three late Sandwich Terns and seven Guillemots ensured it was one of the most interesting seawatches of the year.

It was rather hard for the land to compete with such a stacked field, but it did its level best. A Woodcock at Cristin was the first of the autumn, while a Short-eared Owl was in the Wetlands, and possibly the same Barn Owl last seen two weeks ago reappeared at Ty Pellaf. Other scarcities included a Siberian Chiffchaff and a Bullfinch at the Obs, the former heard only, and four Long-tailed Tits in the Withies.

The author of this blog has something of an obsession with recording all six british thrushes in a day, having managed five out of the six more times than he cares to count! Yesterday we came mighty close, missing only Ring Ouzel. One of them was seen today, but typically it was the first time since the 25th that no Mistle Thrushes were on the island! The wait continues. Nontheless, a modest arrival of 30 Redwings, four Fieldfares and eight Song Thrushes were seen today. Finch passage was much decreased, but 57 Chaffinches, 13 Bramblings, 12 Greenfinches and three Siskins moved through. The only other migrants reaching double figures were 31 Starlings, 18 Goldcrests, 16 Robins and 15 Skylarks, with a thin scatter of other typical October migrants including two Merlins, a Water Rail, two Pied Wagtails, three "alba" Wagtails, a Blackcap, two Chiffchaffs and a Firecrest.

We didn't get any good photos today, so here's one not yet published from yesterday; the very interesting first-winter Lesser Whitethroat, that to us looks like a good match for Blythii. Note the sandy brown colour extending up the nape, and extensive white in t4/5. With current knowledge of the variability in nominate Curruca insufficient to differentiate the two with 100% confidence, we were lucky a few feathers were shed during processing, so DNA analysis can hopefully give a definitive answer. 

Saturday, 28 October 2017

Immature male Black Redstart, Ephraim Perfect; www.ephraimperfect.co.uk

A relatively quiet day, by recent standards. Most of the action was on land, wehre the standout highlight was our third Lesser Whitethroat of October. Like the other two, an eastern subspecies like Blythii was strongly suspected, but unlike the other two it found its way into the nets, and with a few feathers shed during routine handling, we can get DNA analysis to work it out one way or the other! A Black Redstart was one of the other new arrivals, while other scarcities were probably lingering from previous days, such as two Bullfinches, six Long-tailed Tits and a Mistle Thrush

270 Starlings and 45 Chaffinches were once again the commonest migrants, albeit in much reduced numbers, while a very small scattering of other finches included three Bramblings, one Greenfinch and four Lesser Redpolls. A Great Spotted Woodpecker, nine Skylarks, two Fieldfares, 47 Redwings, three Blackcaps, two Chiffchaffs, 12 Goldcrests, one Firecrest and one Jackdaw were the other notable migrants.

Out to sea Gull passage was again dominant, with 664 Black-headed Gulls, 607 Kittiwakes, and 22 each of Common and Mediterranean Gulls. Four Common Scoters, a Great Skua, 20 Guillemots and 195 Razorbills were the only other species on the move. Meanwhile the most interesting waders included a good count of 64 Curlews, plus three Lapwings, two Dunlins and singles of Snipe and Whimbrel
Three of 63 Curlew on the South End, Ephraim Perfect; www.ephraimperfect.co.uk

Friday, 27 October 2017

Firecrest and Mistle Thrush, two of the highlights of ringing today

Today was another day with plenty of highlights and a strong passage of visible migrants. There were several unusual birds around today; for starters at six new Long-tailed Tits were trapped at the Obs, with two Hawfinches and a Yellow-browed Warbler at Nant. Two Lapland Buntings passed over the South End, while out to sea another Great Crested Grebe was the rarity of the day, and two Eiders are also a scarce and only just annual species here.

Finches were again a strong component of vis-mig, although in reduced numbers compared to yesterday, and amounted to 219 Chaffinches, 28 Bramblings, 28 Greenfinches, 54 Siskins, 46 Goldfinches, 34 Linnets, six Lesser Redpolls and four Reed Buntings. The other most numerous species overhead were 114 Meadow Pipits, 73 Skylarks, 49 Jackdaws and 767 Starlings, while a good variety of other species overhead included three Sparrowhawks, two Buzzards, three Merlins, two late Swallows, two Grey Wagtails, seven Pied Wagtails, eight alba Wagtails and four Rooks.

On the ground it was another excellent Thrush day, with 66 Redwings, 55 Song Thrushes, 47 Blackbirds and five Mistle Thrushes recorded. 57 Goldcrests and 40 Robins were the only other species present in large numbers, but a typical late October selection included four Water Rails, four Great Spotted Woodpeckers, ten Stonechats, a very late Willow Warbler, three Firecrests, five Coal Tits, a Great Tit and four Bullfinches. If you enjoy the admittedly rather niche pastime of "Bardsey October Listing" though, by far and away the highlght of the day was the first two Woodpigeons for the whole month! Where the otherwise ever-present Pigeons have been for the last 26 days is anybodys guess, but with thousands passing overhead elsewhere in Wales today, it seems a couple managed to trickle down the Lleyn!

Out to sea the most notable feature was again a strong passage of gulls, with 476 Kittiwakes, 250 Black-headed Gulls, 25 Mediterranean Gulls and 12 Common Gulls in the morning. Not much else was seen, but a Great Northern Diver, four Shelducks (which seem to be returning from their sojourn to Germany now), 12 Common Scoters, an Arctic Skua and 270 Razorbills also passed offshore. Meanwhile a small selection of waders included four Dunlins, the first seen on the deck here for quite a while, alongside six Purple Sandpipers, a Whimbrel and 40 Curlews on the Narrows, and a Snipe in the Wetlands. On the insect front, the first two Silver Y's for some time were in the Obs Garden.

Thursday, 26 October 2017

Common and Siberian Chiffchaff from the Plantation today, Ephraim Perfect; Ephraim's Bird Blog

Migration has been held up for a long time on the west coast, with near-enough constant south-westerly winds hindering all but the most determined migrants. Today, however, the damn broke in the most spectacular fashion, with a truly stunning morning's vismig. The highlights were a Great White Egret, and vast numbers of Chaffinches, other finches and Starlings, while a good arrival of grounded migrants featured some real quality as well. The birds arctively passing through the island (both overhead and on the sea) is as follows; One Red-throated Diver, four Great Northern Divers, 57 Gannets, one Great White Egret south offfshore at 10:51, with probably the same bird seen flying over the Narrows about an hour later, three Shelducks (only our second sighting of the autumn), four Wigeons, two Teals, 158 Common Scoters (our highest count of the year), one Buzzard, three Merlins, one Golden Plover, 14 Lapwings, one Knot, one Dunlin, one Redshank, one Great Skua, 23 Mediterranean Gulls, 332 Black-headed Gulls, ten Common Gulls, 20 Lesser Black-backed Gulls, 247 Herring Gulls, 53 Kittiwakes, 23 Guillemots, 215 Razorbills, 184 Skylarks, 208 Meadow Pipits, three Grey Wagtails, 15 alba Wagtails, nine Magpies, 13 Jackdaws, eight Rooks, 45 Carrion Crows, 4815 Starlings, 1644 Chaffinches, 82 Bramblings, 11 Greenfinches, 56 Siskins, 56 Goldfinches, 47 Linnets, 40 Lesser Redpolls and 31 Reed Buntings. The numbers can never fully encapsulate the experience of a day like today, but it was extremely good fun watching a constant stream of finches and Starlings, with many other unusual species for the island like Knot, Lapwing and Jackdaw mixed in. The total of Chaffinches in particular could be a drastic underestimate of the true numbers, one single flock numbering approximately 650 was picked up passing right on the periphery of our vision, at perhaps a kilometre overhead, but how many more such gargantuan flocks could have slipped through with nothing more than the occasional call heard from vis-miggers?

Great White Egret, www.ephraimperfect.co.uk

On land it was a very good day too; The highlights included the first two Bullfinches and seven Long-tailed Tits of the year, a late Lesser Whitethroat that again looked a good candidate for Blythii, a Yellow-browed Warbler and the first Siberian Chiffchaff of the autumn. Of more regular fare, there had been a notable arrival of 50 Song Thrushes, while 62 Redwings, 56 Goldcrests and 47 Robins made them the other commonest migrants. The rest of the roll-call included four Water Rails, 21 Dunnocks (a large enough increase to suggest some migration), 15 Stonechats, 25 Blackbirds, two Mistle Thrushes, ten Chiffchaffs, a Blackcap, a Firecrest, four Coal Tits and a Great Tit.

Lesser Whitethroat, www.ephraimperfect.co.uk


Wednesday, 25 October 2017

The standout highlight of today was an excellent morning of visible migration. Moving through in the greatest numbers were finches, with 501 Chaffinches, 13 Brambling, 22 Greenfinches, 30 Siskins, 89 Goldfinches, 48 Linnets, 21 Lesser Redpolls and 52 Reed Buntings. 393 Starlings and 238 Skylarks were the other commonest migrants, while a WOODLARK was the day's most exciting rarity. One Golden Plover, 27 Lesser Black-backed Gulls, 80 Meadow Pipits, One Grey Wagtail, six Pied Wagtails, two "Alba" Wagtails, nine Carrion Crows and seven Jackdaws also passed overhead. On the ground a total of ten Coal Tits was particularly notable; two Blue Tits and a Great Tit were also still present. Otherwise the commonest species on a quiet day for grounded migrants were 38 Robins and 44 Goldcrests, other species amounted to three Water Rails, 11 Stonechats, 14 Song Thrushes, eight Redwings, five each of Blackcap and Chiffchaff and two Firecrests.

An increase in raptor passage saw three Sparrowhawks, three Merlins and a Buzzard noted. Out to sea 168 Black-headed Gulls and 130 Razorbills were the only species moving in any kind of numbers, but two Goldeneyes off the South End were one of the most notable sightings of the day. Other species noted included one Red-throated Diver, one Great Northern Diver, another late Manx Shearwater, three Wigeons four Common Scoters, a Great Skua, 25 Mediterranean Gulls and 19 Common Gulls were the best of the rest. The only notable increase was to a total of nine Whimbrels, while two Purple Sandpipers, 51 Curlews, 12 Redshanks and 24 Turnstones were also present on the Narrows, and two Snipes were flushed in the Wetlands.

Tuesday, 24 October 2017

It was a slower day for migration, but nontheless a few good sightings were to be had. A reasonable finch passage included 54 Goldfinches, 52 Linnets, seven Siskins and three Lesser Redpolls, while the other two commonest passerine migrants were 62 Goldcrests and 40 Starlings. Five species of thrushes were moving in low numbers, with ten Blackbirds, six Song Thrushes, four Redwings and singles of Fieldfare and Mistle Thrush. Otherwise it was a modest day for grounded migrants, with totals coming to three Water Rails, a Great Spotted Woodpecker, two Skylarks, five Stonechats, a Blackcap, four Chiffchaffs, two Firecrests, a Coal Tit, three Blue Tits, a Great Tit and a Reed Bunting.

It was a modest day's sea passage, although yet another Leach's Petrel was a surprise. 350 Kittiwakes were the only species seen in remotely large numbers, but other gulls included 20 Black-headed Gulls, four Common Gulls and singles of Mediterranean and Little Gull. Other species seen were one Red-throated and two Great Northern Divers, another late Manx Shearwater and six Common Scoters.

The most notable wader was a Golden Plover in Henllwyn; other reasonable totals included nine Purple Sandpipers, two Snipes, three Whimbrels, 45 Curlews, 14 Redshanks and 36 Turnstones.

Monday, 23 October 2017

Today saw another brief gap in the weather, respite from the westerlies often sees a larger number of migrants passing through the island recently. Of particular consequence today was the sea passage.

Divers today were made up of a Red-throated and a Great Northern Diver, a single Manx Shearwater was a relatively late record. A small movement of wildfowl consisted of three Wigeons, 33 Common Scoters, a Red-breasted Merganser and a Goldeneye the latter of which was only the 30th record for Bardsey! A Pomarine Skua was a welcome addition to the day totals as was a Golden Plover, and nine Mediterranean Gulls, two Little Gulls, two Sabine’s Gulls and 272 Kittiwakes culminated to today’s gull passage.


A Merlin was still lingering on the Island today, Water Rail numbers increased to five individuals. On the wader front two Jack Snipes were new in and 10 Snipes was a noticeable increase. On the Narrows, seven Purple Sandpipers, three Whimbrels, 57 Curlews, 11 Redshanks and 34 Turnstones were recorded. On the land, a Great Spotted Woodpecker was still in the withies, seven Swallows were probably the last we’ll see passing through this year. Robins numbered 38 and the Black Redstart in Nant Valley was joined today by a second bird, an adult male. Bashing the bushes produced five Blackcaps, six Chiffchaffs, 60 Goldcrests and six Firecrests! Additional species included three Coal Tits, 17 Chaffinches, eight Siskins, 53 Goldfinches, 46 Linnets, seven Lesser Redpolls and two Reed Buntings.

Sunday, 22 October 2017

A day of strong North-westerlies; following an exceptional storm blowing birds into the Irish Sea. We've been blessed with these conditions on a few occasions this autumn, and in reality seawatching has been the saviour of an otherwise very below-average season. A near constant watch of the sea was achieved today, and as such a good amount was seen. While the numbers of most species are lower than our previous, brilliant days in September, a very, very good diversity of species and some high quality ones were to be seen.

The classic prize of autumn north-westerlies off Bardsey is Leach's Petrel, today was no exception with six passing the island, mostly during the afternoon and close inshore. Two Storm Petrels in amongst them were much more of a surprise. A Gadwall was the rarity of the day, being just the 11th record, while six Pale-bellied Brent Geese were also good sightings of a species normally barely annual on here (although several have been seen this autumn). Skuas were well represented, with 20 Arctic Skuas, 18 Great Skuas and five Pomarine Skuas, and one unidentified Skua sp. that was probably also a Pom. The two commonest migrants were 2046 Kittiwakes and 1475 Razorbills, while 203 Guillemots was their strongest showing of the autumn. Amongst the Kitts were eight further species of gulls, alongside the regulars came single adults of Sabine's and Little Gull, four Mediterranean Gulls and 15 Common Gulls. And, while it's getting late in the year for terns, four Arctic Terns and one Sandwich Tern were still logged. The best of the rest was still a fine supporting cast, featuring one Red-throated Diver, three Great Northern Divers, ten Manx Shearwaters, two Fulmars, one Wigeon, 32 Common Scoters and six Golden Plovers.

It was aways unlikely that landbirding could amount to much, but in the end the diversity of species was a pleasant surprise. The only migrants in any way numerous were 56 Starlings, 34 Goldcrests and 33 Goldfinches, but quite a lot else was there to be seen. Three Sparrowhawks, two Merlins and a Kestrel were the best of the raptors, while two Water Rails squealed in the Withies, where a Great Spotted Woodpecker lingered. On the coast 59 Curlews, three Whimbrels and six Purple Sandpipers were of note.

The most notable passerines were the first Fieldfare of the autumn in the Withies, a lingering Black Redstart in Nant Valley, three Firecrests still in the Plantation and an increase to seven Coal Tits around the island. The other odds and sods recorded featured six Stonechats, three Song Thrushes, a Redwing, three Blackcaps, eight Chiffchaffs, two Blue Tits, a new-in Great Tit at the Plantation, a Greenfinch, two Siskins, three Lesser Redpolls and a Reed Bunting. While hardly ripping up trees, there were evidently some new arrivals, which given the strength of the wind overnight was a pleasant surprise!

Saturday, 21 October 2017

A fairly quiet days birding, but Storm Brian did bring a few interesting seabirds. The highlight was another Leach's Petrel, but quite a diverse supporting cast were also seen. 470 Kittiwakes, 450 Auk sp., 173 Razorbills and 40 Gannets were the commonest species, while also of note were a Great Northern Diver, four Fulmars (amazingly the first sightings in October!), eight Manx Shearwaters, one Teal, 36 Common Scoters and a Great Skua. Meanwhile large increases in several waders were noted, with 83 Oystercatchers, 19 Purple Sandpipers, 33 Redshanks, a Whimbrel, 68 Curlews and 27 Turnstones. Two Mediterranean Gulls and two Common Gulls were also around the Narrows.

Unsurprisingly, the land was very quiet, although a Black Redstart on the rocks on the North End, our first of the year, was quite a surprise in the conditions. Otherwise 23 Goldcrests and a Firecrest remained at the Plantation, where there were also four Coal Tits today. Other migrants were just two Skylarks, a Song Thrush, a Blue Tit, a Starling and a Lesser Redpoll

Friday, 20 October 2017

Overall another quiet day, but slightly calmer conditions did permit a few new arrivals on the land. Out to sea it was generally very quiet, but some of our new guests for the week struck lucky with a Leach's Petrel past the North End. Otherwise a decent movement of 61 Shags was logged, with other species heading south being 32 Black-headed Gulls, eight Dunlins, a Mediterranean Gull and a Wigeon.

A Lapwing on Henllwyn was the most interesting of a small selection of waders, with a single Purple Sandpiper, three Whimbrels and an increase to 50 Curlews also of note. A single Water Rail was seen in the Withies, with a Buzzard new in, and one Kestrel and two Merlins also present.

For passerines, it was a fairly decent showing, highlighted by a Lapland Bunting over the Wetlands in the late morning, the third of the autumn. The commonest migrant was Redwings, numbering 74, while 30 Blackbirds, 15 Song Thrushes and 45 Robins was a decent showing of other thrushes and chats. It's still a long way off the totals on the East Coast just now though! Six Blackcaps was a decent showing, with five Chiffchaffs the only other warblers; three Firecrests remained in the Plantation with 39 Goldcrests scattered around the island. Five Coal Tits at the Plantation were the other most interesting new arrival, with two Great Tits including one new bird in the Withies. Starlings numbered just 15 today, five Skylarks were on the deck, while a single Great Spotted Woodpecker lingered. It was a fairly poor showing for Finches, one Brambling being notable, as was a good  total of 13 Lesser Redpolls. 24 Goldfinches, 14 Siskins, 12 Chaffinches and four Reed Buntings made up the rest of the totals.

Firecrest, Ephraim Perfect; Ephraim's Bird Blog

Thursday, 19 October 2017

Winds out of a south-easterly quarter might at first have seemed promising, but it was swiftly apparent that, with the breeze staying at around 35-40mph for most of the morning and early afternoon, any attempted migration was severely hampered. In the end it was mostly a day of ever diminishing returns.

Out to sea the main surprise was a strong movement totalling 136 Common Scoters, our highest count of the year and fourth highest count in BBFO's history. Otherwise, the only noticeable movement was of gulls off the South End. Of these, it was interesting to still record 65 Lesser Black-backed Gulls heading south in small parties, the first large movement in nearly a month. Otherwise 225 Kittiwakes, 78 Black-headed Gulls, 12 Common Gulls and 11 Mediterranean Gulls were seen. 211 Razorbills and seven Guillemots comprised the only other passage of note, with the only other notable sightings being singles of Great Skua and Wigeon.

A jumbled assortment of grounded migrants were on land, but realistically it seems like few of these were new arrivals. A Kestrel bucked the trend, being the first sighting of this species in the whole of October, while singles of Merlin and Sparrowhawk also remained. Three Firecrests were at the Plantation and showed very well, while just 29 Goldcrests, seven Chiffchaffs and two Blackcaps were spread around. Otherwise the rollcall was pretty modest, 26 Siskins and 21 Chaffinches was the sum of finch passage, 42 Starlings, six Song Thrushes, three Redwings, 30 Robins, two Wheatears, five Skylarks, three Snipes and a Water Rail were about all that was seen on land. A Grey Wagtail passed over Cristin, with lingering sightings again of two Great Spotted Woodpeckers and singles of Blue Tit and Great Tit.

Firecrest, Ephraim Perfect; Ephraim's Bird Blog

Wednesday, 18 October 2017

With the winds switching to easterly overnight, it was no surprise but nontheless very welcome to have a busy day's birding on all fronts. It was highlighted by a Great White Egret that headed south down the South End, before doubling back and returning North. This is the fifth ever record for Bardsey, following singles in October 1990, July in 1998 and 2006, and August 2015.

While it's been almost possible to take them for granted in some recent years, the three Yellow-browed Warblers today were our first since late September, and carried with them the real promise of a siberian waif, which sadly never materialised. Other Warblers were just 13 Chiffchaffs and two Blackcap, while Goldcrests increased to 66, with three Firecrests seen amongst them. It was probably the busiest day for Thrushes of the whole autumn, with 136 Redwings including one overhead flock of 102, and grounded totals of 42 Blackbirds, 32 Song Thrushes and two Mistle Thrushes. An arrival of Chats included 56 Robins, seven Stonechats and three Wheatears. Meanwhile, 160 Starlings made them the commonest migrant of the day.
Yellow-browed Warbler, Ephraim Perfect; Ephraim's Bird Blog


Overhead there was also plenty of action during the morning. The best day's finch passage of the year, numberwise, featured 118 Chaffinches, five Bramblings, 79 Goldfinches, 61 Siskins, 30 Linnets and seven Greenfinches mostly overhead or moving swiftly through the island. 87 Skylarks and 93 Meadow Pipits made them the other two commonest diurnal migrants. Wagtails are now well past their peak, but 22 "alba" Wagtails and six Grey Wagtails still trickled through overhead, as did six Swallows, as we reach the tail-end of hirundine migration. A single party of 15 Rooks headed south over the South End, while high totals of 46 Magpies and 31 Carrion Crows strongly suggested corvid migration was taking place. In particular, several groups of Carrion Crows passed south over the Mountainside, while one group of eight restless Magpies were flying around the very tip of the South End, presumably trying to find the courage to cross the sea! A few other odds and ends rounded off the day's landbird migration; four Reed Buntings were present, Rock Pipits increased to 41, Great Spotted Woodpeckers and Great Tits had both increased to two, three Water Rails, three Sparrowhawks and two Merlins were around, and a Grey Heron passed south over the South End. All in all, one of the busiest day's passage so far this autumn!

The only seawatching done today was an hour and a half off the South End early on. It was pretty good, but logging land migrants had to eventually take priority on a good day like today. Gull passage was impressive, with 520 Black-headed Gulls, 465 Kittiwakes, 37 Mediterranean Gulls and 11 Common Gulls. Additional highlights were a Great Northern Diver, two Great Skuas and an Arctic Skua. 540 Razorbills were logged but just 40 Gannets, however a noticeable passage of 63 Shags and 37 Cormorants took place. Seven Common Scoters and seven Guillemots were the only other sightings of note.